３８ What is Thinking？ 【Intelligence】Dialogue with the Universe
○With thinking, a concept, a language, etc. are operated, a meaning is got to know, and semantic attachment is performed.
○Thinking is Judgment( knows the meaning, or gives the meaning) by the information acquired by learning.
○Artificial intelligence is thinking！
2016 －And Alphago won the former world champion. 
－ALPHA won the tactical experts in combat simulation. 
－Japan moves to protect ‘copyrights’ of AI creations 
※2016 Microsoft, Delft University of Technology, the Mauritshuis in The Hague and the Rembrandt House Museum in Amsterdam 
1. The guardian”AlphaGo: beating humans is one thing but to really succeed AI must work with them”
○ Pattern of the game
※In chess, there is a choice of 35 different ways on average in any aspect. In go, there is a choice of 250 different ways. The choices are greater than atoms in the universe
○Go・・・Difficulties on programing
１）Branching coefficient ...Since the number of combination increases suddenly, AI can not search deeply.
２）There was no good way to recognize the complex face of a board. ... Too much heuristics.
2. UC Magazine “New artificial intelligence beats tactical experts in combat simulation”
3. “Japan moves to protect ‘copyrights’ of AI creations” at The Japan Times
4. Mark Brown” 'New Rembrandt' to be unveiled in Amsterdam”at the guardian